By Renzhi Li
Modality is a grammatical, or semantic-grammatical, class. it truly is an incredible component to human languages. this is often no less than the case in so much eu languages. To what quantity is it a near-universal? This thesis is to give a contribution to the query. It specializes in modal verbs in English and chinese language, genetically and geographically unrelated languages, and analyzes what those languages have in universal and the way they range of their structures of modality. to accomplish the purpose, the thesis adopts the theoretical framework proposed via van der Auwera (1996, 1998 with Plungian, 2001) for the typological learn of modality. Its language-specific descriptions contain the morphosyntactic beneficial properties, notional services, modal good judgment, and diachronic improvement. With those descriptions, it constructs a cross-linguistic database in a uniform, parallel constitution. Then at the foundation of this database, it offers with the cross-linguistic concerns approximately modality in English and chinese language. Like a few of the reviews during this region, this examine uses the well-sampled information within the correct literature, thereby assuring an identical measure of representativeness. whilst the information don't meet this want, it lodges to computer-based corpora. within the diachronic research of chinese language modality, quantitative research is followed in providing a improvement direction for the senses of a modal. English translation is given specific consciousness within the description of chinese language modality and cross-linguistic analyses. you may basically understand one's personal language provided that one compares it with different languages. the current examine is conducive to a greater knowing of English and chinese language. It contributes not just to the research of language universals, but additionally to the learn of human cognition and different linguistic or utilized linguistic concerns.
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